Pharology is the study of lighthouses, so this site is dedicated to bringing you information about Lighthouses of the World.
Lighthouses were developed aorund the world to improve navigation and to help save lives at sea. As such they have come to represent a positive force for humanity. In recent times, lighthouses have become part of a more general activity - the provision of Aids to Navigation. This task has been normally undertaken through the establishment of national bodies under government direction. These bodies became known as the General Lighthouse Authorities (GLAs). In 1957, an organisation was formed in France for the international oversight of the entire range of activities that included the provision of aids to navigation. This entity was called IALA - AISM (originally, the International Association of Lighthouse Authorities.) Today, most of the maritime countries of the world are members of IALA-AISM.
In history, lighthouses have been described since the earliest times, indeed, since well before the most famous lighthouse of all, the Pharos of Alexandria.
The word 'pharology' is derived from pharos, the Greek word for lighthouse. Today, French people call a lighthouse un phare, Spanish people call it faro, and in Portuguese it is farol. In Romania and Bulgaria a lighthouse is called a far, whilst in Norway it is a fyr. However, like the English, Germans use a word that is more obviously descriptive, Leuchtürme, i.e. "light tower".
The Pharos of Alexandria, shown above, was a fabulous lighthouse built around 275 B.C. in Alexandria, Egypt. It was one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. This illustration is taken from the book by Friedrich-Karl Zemke: "Leuchtürme Der Welt - Britische Insein, Norden, Ostsee, Kattegat", 1992, ISBN: 3-7822-0537-5, 184 pp Illus, Koehlers Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh.